Circulatory disorders are due to the blood which, instead of returning to the heart, thanks to the elasticity of the venous wall, tends to stagnate in the veins of the legs.
L'organic venous insufficiency is often caused by varicose veins (dilations of the walls of the veins) which may depend on family factors, fluid retention, being overweight, chronic constipation, the use of oral contraceptives or pregnancy.
On the other hand, thefunctional venous insufficiency is caused by overworking the veins due to incorrect posture, changes in muscle pump or lymphedema.
The symptoms load on the lower limbs vary from simple swelling to more significant disorders such as the feeling of heaviness in the legs, tingling, itching, burning, pain and night cramps, the appearance of capillaries, alterations skin, varicose veins and true ulcers.
Signals that intensify especially in the summer months.
In its initial stage, venous insufficiency is not a serious problem. But it should not be neglected, because it tends to worsen over time and thus promote the appearance of phlebitis, thrombosis or ulcerations and other disorders such as cellulitis and hemorrhoids, up to venous thrombosis most feared deep.
It is very important to prevent venous insufficiency, to slow the progression of the disease and avoid real pathologies, especially if one is predisposed due to family factors, periods of prolonged standing, pregnancy.
A healthy lifestyle and an correct diet are always beneficial, but in this case it is necessary to follow simple but very useful advice:
. wear graduated compression stockings, which are still the main and most effective tool for the prevention and care of venous diseases;
. avoid standing for a long time;
. getting up on tiptoes often, a movement that stimulates the calf muscle pump and pushes the blood upwards;
. walk as long as possible;
. sleep with the lower limbs raised about 15 centimeters and lift the bed on the side of the feet, for example, with a cushion under the mattress;
. avoid any direct heat source on the legs because it dilates and therefore increases venous stasis;
. wear comfortable shoes, with a heel of 2-3 centimeters and a wide sole;
. avoid foods and substances that have a vasoconstrictor effect on the arteries, such as tobacco and coffee.