Circulatory disorders are due to blood which, instead of returning to the heart, thanks to the elasticity of the venous wall, tends to stay in the leg veins.
Lorganic venous insufficiency is often caused by varices (dilatations of the walls of the veins) which may depend on family factors, water retention, being overweight, chronic constipation, the use of oral contraceptives or pregnancy.
On the other hand, thefunctional venous insufficiency is caused by excess work on the veins due to incorrect posture, alterations in the muscle pump or lymphedema.
THE symptoms dependent on the lower limbs vary from simple swelling to more serious disorders such as the feeling of heaviness in the legs, tingling, itching, burning, pain and nocturnal cramps, the appearance of capillaries, changes skin, varicose veins and real ulcerations.
Signals which intensify particularly in the summer months.
In its initial phase, venous insufficiency is not a serious problem. But we must not neglect it, because it tends to worsen over time and thus promote the appearance of phlebitis, thromboses or ulcerations and other disorders such as cellulite and hemorrhoids, up to venous thrombosis. the most feared depth.
It is very important to prevent venous insufficiency, to slow the progression of the disease and avoid real pathologies, especially if you are predisposed due to family factors, prolonged periods of standing, or pregnancy.
And healthy lifestyle and an correct diet are always beneficial, but in this case you must follow simple but very useful advice:
. wear stockings with graduated compression, which are still the main and most effective tool for the prevention and care of venous diseases;
. avoid standing for a long time;
. rising often on your tiptoes, a movement that stimulates the calf muscle pump and pushes blood upward;
. walk as long as possible;
. sleep with the lower limbs raised about 15 centimeters and raise the bed on the feet side, for example, with a cushion under the mattress;
. avoid any direct heat source on the legs because it dilates and therefore increases venous stasis;
. wear comfortable shoes, with a heel of 2-3 centimeters and a wide sole;
. avoid foods and substances that have a vasoconstrictor effect on the arteries, such as tobacco and coffee.